Provenance information describes the origination process of a specific item and supports the reasoning process and workflow in visual data analysis tasks. Provenance is used to document results and ensure their reproducibility.
You should provide a systematic overview of existing approaches in scientific literature to visualize provenance.
Starting point(s) for research:
Managing the When-provenance of Data: Opportunities and Challenges
Wang-Chiew Tan, University of California, Santa Cruz
Information Visualization (IV)