{Modeling Treatment Processes Using Information Extraction}

Teaser Image
Author
Editor
Keywords
Abstract
Summary. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are important means to improve the quality of care by supporting medical staff. Modeling CPGs in a computerinterpretable form is a prerequisite for various computer applications to support their application. However, transforming guidelines in a formal guideline representation is a difficult task. Existing methods and tools demand detailed medical knowledge, knowledge about the formal representations, and a manual modeling. In this chapter we introduce methods and tools for formalizing CPGs and we propose a methodology to reduce the human effort needed in the translation from original textual guidelines to formalized processable knowledge bases. The idea of our methodology is to use Information Extraction methods to help in the semi-automation of guideline content formalization of treatment processes. Thereby, the human modeler will be supported by both automating parts of the modeling process and making the modeling process traceable and comprehensible. Our methodology, called LASSIE, represents a novel method applying a stepwise procedure. The general idea is to use this method to formalize guidelines in any guideline representation language by applying both general steps (i.e., language-independent) and language-specific steps. In order to evaluate both the methodology and the Information Extraction system, a framework was implemented and applied to several guidelines from the medical subject of otolaryngology. The framework has been applied to formalize the guidelines in the formal Asbru plan representation. Findings in the evaluation indicate that using semi-automatic, stepwise Information Extraction methods are a valuable instrument to formalize CPGs.
Year of Publication
2007
Book Title
Computational Intelligence In Healthcare (SCI)
Volume
48
Number of Pages
189–224
Type of Work
Publication Language
Publisher
Springer
Citation Key
URL
http://www.cvast.tuwien.ac.at/sites/default/files/publications/PDF/2006/Springer_health_Care_2006/final/kaiser_2006_springer_health_care_lassie.pdf